Civil Protection Order

MR. B.A.S. (BAS) VAN LEEUWEN (LL.M., Esq.), attorney at law, handles litigation of contentious matters through court actions, and aggressively defend and prosecute her clients’ interests in a wide variety of civil legal proceedings. He assists clients with that are faced with the various aspects in the field of domestic violence, assault, harassment, stalking, or sexual assault.

A restraining order or protective order is an order used by a court to protect a person, business, company, establishment, or entity, and the general public, in a situation involving alleged domestic violence, assault, harassment, stalking, or sexual assault.

A domestic violence restraining order generally protects only parties deemed to be in some form of “domestic” relationship which may, depending on the statute, include a family, household, intimate, or sexual relationship.

A sexual assault restraining order specifically protects a victim of sexual assault regardless of what relationship may or may not exist between petitioner and respondent. If her state has no sexual assault restraining order statute, she may still qualify for a domestic violence restraining order if the sexual assault occurred in the context of a domestic relationship or if the statute is written sufficiently broad. In such cases, sexual assault survivors can sometimes qualify for domestic violence restraining orders because any act of sexual intercourse between petitioner and respondent, even during rape, legally establishes the required sexually intimate relationship.

Harassment and stalking restraining orders also generally do not require any specific relationship to exist or not exist between the parties, but also may not be available in all states. These types of restraining orders also generally require at least two instances of, respectively, harassment or stalking to qualify.

In civil legal proceedings MR. B.A.S. (BAS) VAN LEEUWEN (LL.M., Esq.), attorney at law, strives to be cost-effective, and have regard to viable alternatives to legal measures wherever possible.

In addition to providing civil litigation services, MR. B.A.S. (BAS) VAN LEEUWEN (LL.M., Esq.), attorney at law, also provides day-to-day advice to clients on claim avoidance, risk management, damage control and protection of confidential and proprietary material.

Healthy Marital Conflict

Marriage is both a challenge and an opportunity; there will be times during any marriage when forming and maintaining an intimate bond is difficult. Couples who are able to meet and overcome marital strife can become better partners, lovers, and companions. Marriages face all sorts of tough challenges, but these are some of the more common sources of discord.

  • Conflicting methods of child-rearing 
  • Dissimilar approaches to handling finances 
  • Divergent sex drives 
  • Health issues 
  • Equal division of household chores 
  • Lack of communication 
  • Distrust 

When couples choose to handle issues without resorting to hitting, screaming, blaming, and belittling one another, they’re engaging in healthy marital conflict. Partners need to possess a willingness to work through conflict as it arises: Avoidance only leads to bigger problems, with psychological implications that can often morph into abuse.

If your S.O. enforces a budget, they aren’t abusing you, they’re looking for a solution to your financial problems. If your partner tells you that you’ve hurt their feelings, they’re not belittling or abusing you, but simply attempting to be “heard.” 

Domestic Abuse

If you feel as though you’re stuck inside a constant battle for your marriage, then step back and take stock: You may come to realize that you’re in an abusive situation. Some examples of emotional and physical domestic abuse include, but aren’t limited to, the following:

  • Hitting, punching, and kicking 
  • Screaming and yelling
  • Name-calling, threats, intimidation, gas lighting, and shaming
  • Controlling a partner’s social life and/or time with friends and family
  • Restricting and/or controlling money 
  • Pressuring for sex and/or engaging in sexual acts that cause mental and/or physical pain
  • Withholding sex
  • Ridiculing a partner’s beliefs, religion, race, class, and/or sexual preferences.

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